Important Things To Know About the Typhoid Vaccine

Typhoid Vaccine New York, NY

Those who are traveling internationally, work in a profession that may expose them typhoid bacteria, or are vulnerable to typhoid fever for other reasons, the typhoid vaccine may be needed to ensure safety and avoid complications with travel plans.

Typhoid vaccine: Here is what you should know

The Typhoid vaccine is the best defense against typhoid fever. The following review highlights five important things that one should know about the vaccine. With that said, it is recommended to discuss the vaccine needs with a medical provider before traveling to any country where typhoid fever is a risk.

The Typhoid vaccine helps prevent typhoid fever

Quite simply, the typhoid vaccine is the best way to reduce one's overall risk of getting typhoid fever. However, it is important to recognize that the vaccine is not 100% effective. This means travelers could still become infected if they drink or eat something that contains the bacteria. Therefore, travelers should still be careful even if they receive the vaccine.

Typhoid fever is a serious, life-threatening disease

Typhoid fever is not common in the United States. However, it is still prevalent in many parts of the world, such as Southeast Asia and Africa. Without treatment, typhoid can lead to serious illness and death. The symptoms of typhoid fever include:

  • High fever
  • Stomach pain
  • Weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache

Additionally, antibacterial medications are less effective for typhoid fever than they were previously. The good news, however, is that the vaccine is effective and safe.

The typhoid vaccine is recommended for certain world travelers

As mentioned, although the U.S. does not have major outbreaks of typhoid fever, it is still an issue for many parts of the world. Consequently, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends the typhoid vaccine for world travelers. In particular, anyone who is traveling to a country where typhoid fever still occurs should receive the vaccine. Travelers should also check vaccine requirements as some countries require visa applicants to receive certain vaccinations.

There are two types of typhoid vaccines

The two types of typhoid vaccines are the inactivated typhoid vaccine and the live typhoid vaccine. An inactivated typhoid vaccine, which is an inactivated vaccine that is not live, is administered via injection and is recommended for individuals two years and older. The live typhoid vaccine is given orally and only recommended for individuals 6 and older. It is important to consult with a professional before deciding which type is best. Those who are traveling internationally should expect an inactivated typhoid vaccine to be administered at least two weeks before leaving.

The side effects and risks are minimal and rare

The risks are minimal with the typhoid vaccine and complications of any kind are rare. With that said, all vaccines have certain potential side effects, and it helps to understand them. The most notable potential side effects and risks of the typhoid vaccine include:

  • Pain, redness, and swelling around the injection site
  • General discomfort
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea

The potential side effects depend largely on whether you receive the live or inactive typhoid vaccine. As mentioned, most patients experience little to no side effects and most clear up within 24 to 48 hours after injection. Severe complications are rare, but patients should notify their provider if they experience ringing in the ears or vision changes.

Typhoid vaccine FAQs

Below are answers to frequently asked questions about typhoid fever and the typhoid vaccine.

How can I further prevent typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is most commonly passed through food and water. It is important to never consume food or water that is potentially contaminated, regardless of the country. However, this is particularly important in certain parts of Southeast Asia, South America, and other parts of the world where there is typhoid fever.

Are typhoid vaccinations mandatory?

Typhoid vaccinations are not mandatory inside the United States since cases are incredibly rare within the country. However, the vaccine is strongly recommended if you are at risk of exposure due to travel or work reasons.

Can children receive the typhoid vaccine?

Yes. Children two years and older are eligible for the inactive typhoid vaccination, and children six and older can receive the live typhoid vaccine. Both are considered safe for children.

Are you in need of a typhoid vaccine? Contact us today

Contact our primary care office today if you are traveling and need a typhoid vaccine. We can answer any questions you have about your vaccine requirements, along with administering any that are necessary safely and in a comfortable setting.

Get more information here: or call Marina Gafanovich, MD at (212) 548-3263

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