Diabetes Treatment New York, NY
Diabetes is a common condition that affects both children and adults. If left undiagnosed, diabetes can have disastrous effects on the body. Even patients with diagnosed diabetes must ensure they are receiving proper care to avoid complications.
Diabetes treatment is available at Marina Gafanovich, MD in New York and the surrounding area. Do not wait until your condition gets worse. Call us today at (212) 548-3263 to schedule an appointment or to learn more about our services.
Diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases that manifest when the affected individual's blood glucose (also known as blood sugar) is too high. A normally functioning pancreas releases insulin to assist the body in storing and using sugar and fat intake. However, in diabetic patients, the pancreas produces little to no insulin or the body responds inappropriately to insulin.
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, also called juvenile diabetes, occurs when the body cannot produce insulin. As a result, those affected are dependent on taking artificial insulin daily. Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes, influences how the body uses insulin. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women when the body may become less sensitive to insulin.
“…in diabetic patients, the pancreas produces little to no insulin — or, the body responds inappropriately to insulin.”
Causes of Diabetes
Different types of diabetes have different causes. While experts have yet to determine the exact cause of type 1 diabetes, it is generally believed to occur due to a combination of environmental factors and genetic susceptibility. The same is true for type 2 diabetes, which is also strongly associated with being overweight.
Gestational diabetes is caused by hormonal changes brought on by pregnancy. As the placenta produces extra hormones to sustain the pregnancy, the body's cells become more resistant to insulin. The pancreas will typically produce excess insulin to compensate for this resistance. If this is insufficient, then gestational diabetes will occur.
“Different types of diabetes have different causes.”
Symptoms of Diabetes
After consuming food, the body works to convert it into glucose for energy. The body then transports the glucose into the blood, where proper insulin production is necessary for the body to absorb the glucose. People with diabetes have a problem both with insulin production and glucose absorption, leading to high glucose levels in the blood (or high blood sugar). This is responsible for the symptoms of diabetes, including:
- Blurred vision
- Increased thirst
- Increased urination, especially at night
- Weight loss (less common)
If left untreated, diabetes can cause severe dehydration and a feeling of dullness or light-headedness. In severe cases, diabetes can cause diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which may cause abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. This condition can also cause more severe symptoms, such as mental dullness, partial paralysis or weakness of the body, seizures, and even a coma.
“Those who have diabetes have a problem both with insulin production and glucose absorption, leading to high glucose levels in the blood (or high blood sugar).”
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As diabetes has such a wide array of risk factors, a primary care doctor will make a detailed assessment of the patient's entire medical history. They may note any symptoms or weight changes a patient reports experiencing. If applicable, they will also consider the patient's chronic conditions and medication schedule. A random blood glucose test is a typical procedure when it comes to diagnosis. This process involves taking a small drop of the patient's blood to measure the amount of glucose present. If it exceeds a certain threshold, then a diabetes diagnosis is likely.
Patients may be tested for diabetes, even if their symptoms are not very severe or noticeable. Other diagnoses include A1C tests, fasting plasma glucose tests, and oral glucose tolerance tests. In an A1C test, the doctor takes a blood sample to measure the blood sugar levels. An oral glucose tolerance test involves an oral administration of pure glucose, followed by a blood sugar test two hours later. Finally, a fasting plasma glucose test requires the patient to fast overnight before getting their blood sugar levels tested.
“As diabetes has such a wide array of risk factors, a primary care doctor will make a detailed assessment of the patient’s entire medical history.”
Questions Answered on This Page
Q. What are the different types of diabetes?
Q. What are the signs of diabetes?
People Also Ask
Q. How does weight affect health?
Q. How should patients prepare for a wellness visit?
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. What can a physician do to treat diabetes?
A. Suppose your blood sugar is extremely high and there are severe symptoms at the time of your arrival to our office. In that case, the primary care physician will give you medication to immediately lower your blood sugar and IV fluids to rehydrate you. You may also be prescribed medications to keep your blood sugar under control and receive recommendations on how to better manage your condition.
Q. What is prediabetes?
A. Patients with prediabetes have a blood sugar level that is higher than average but not yet high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes. Though it can be reversed with lifestyle changes, those with prediabetes may already be experiencing the long-term damage of diabetes. As such, consulting with a physician is key to protecting your health.
Q. What is the best diet for those with diabetes or prediabetes?
A. A healthy eating plan is key to managing your blood sugar, weight, and heart disease risk factors. A diet rich in extra calories and fat will inevitably cause the blood sugar levels to rise, which may lead to severe conditions like hyperglycemia. Those affected by diabetes or prediabetes should focus on fiber-rich foods, fish, healthy carbohydrates, and "good" fats.
Q. Is gestational diabetes permanent?
A. As mentioned earlier, gestational diabetes is a natural result of changing hormone levels during pregnancy. It is usually a temporary condition that subsides once hormone levels have returned to normal after the mother has given birth.
Q. Are there risk factors for diabetes?
A. Yes. Risk factors can vary depending on the type of diabetes. However, specific populations are more likely to develop diabetes than others. These include persons who are overweight or obese, have a family history of diabetes, have had gestational diabetes in the past or have given birth to a baby weighing more than nine pounds, have high blood pressure, or have abnormal cholesterol. Leading a physically inactive lifestyle can also raise one's risk.
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By visiting us as soon as possible, our team can help get you the professional treatment you need. Instead of waiting around and allowing the symptoms to get worse, we can provide you with treatment options.
Definition of Medical Terminology
- Antidiabetic agent
- A substance, such as insulin or an oral diabetes medication, that helps diabetics control their blood sugar levels.
- A group of chronic health conditions that affect how the body uses blood sugar. In all cases, affected individuals have excessive sugar in the blood, also known as high blood glucose levels.
- Gestational diabetes
- A type of diabetes that affects some pregnant women. Women with gestational diabetes experience rising blood sugar levels during pregnancy.
- A naturally occurring hormone produced by the pancreas to control the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. People with diabetes either produce too much insulin or not enough.
- Type 1 diabetes
- A type of diabetes where the pancreas produces too little insulin or none at all. This condition typically appears in childhood or adolescence, but it can also develop in adults.
Call Us Today
Proper diabetes treatment is crucial to ensure one's health. Our team at Marina Gafanovich, MD may be able to help. Call us today at 212-548-3263 to schedule an appointment or to learn more about our services.
Helpful Related Links
- American Diabetes Association. American Diabetes Association. 2022
- American Journal of Medicine. American Journal of Medicine. 2022
- American Medical Association (AMA). American Medical Association (AMA). 2022
- CDC Overweight & Obesity. CDC Overweight & Obesity. 2022
- International Diabetes Federation. International Diabetes Federation. 2022
- National Wellness Institute. National Wellness Institute. 2022
- U.S. Department of Agriculture Healthy Living and Weighty. U.S. Department of Agriculture Healthy Living and Weight. 2022
- World Health Organization Obesity. World Health Organization Obesity. 2022
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