New York Primary Care

Typhoid VaccineNew York, NY

The typhoid vaccine protects against the potentially deadly typhoid fever. Individuals at elevated risk for catching the infection, such as certain healthcare workers or those who travel to high-risk areas, should receive the vaccine. Typhoid fever is dangerous, and people need to protect themselves.

Dr. Marina Gafanovich offers the typhoid vaccine in her Upper East Side Manhattan office. If you are at elevated risk for typhoid fever or are traveling to a high-risk area, we can help. To learn more or schedule an appointment, call 212-548-3263 today.

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What is Typhoid Fever

Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella Typhi bacteria. Most people get the bacteria through contaminated food or water. However, it can be spread through person-to-person contact. Sometimes people can be carriers of the disease and spread it without showing symptoms. People tend to contract the disease while traveling to places where typhoid fever is prevalent.

Typhoid fever is serious and can cause life-threatening complications like septic shock. Its symptoms include weakness, fatigue, high fever, stomach pains, constipation or diarrhea, headache, and loss of appetite. Sometimes it causes a skin rash as well. Death can result in up to 30% of untreated cases.

Types of Typhoid Vaccine

Though healthcare workers can treat typhoid fever with antibiotics, due to the seriousness of the disease, those at high risk should be vaccinated. Like all vaccines, the typhoid vaccine works by stimulating the body to produce antibodies that prevent one from getting sick if infected. The vaccine can be administered by injection or taken orally. The method of vaccination depends on several factors, including a patient's age, current medications, and if they are immune compromised

If delivered by injection, one dose provides protection. The National Library of Medicine (NIH) recommends getting the shot two weeks before traveling to a high-risk area to give the vaccine time to work. Those who remain at elevated risk should have a booster shot every two years.

The oral vaccine comes in four doses. Patients should take one capsule every other day for a week, taking the last dose at least one week before travel. With the oral method, a booster is recommended every five years for those who remain at risk.

Who Should be Vaccinated

Those at risk include travelers to certain parts of the world, lab workers who handle the Salmonella Typhi bacteria and people who work closely with infected people. Typhoid fever is rare in the United States. However, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends vaccination when traveling to areas where typhoid fever is common such as parts of East and Southeast Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.

Patients should consult a doctor knowledgeable in travel medicine about whether they should receive the vaccine and which type. No one under the age of two should receive either vaccine. Also, those who have had an allergic reaction to a dose of the vaccine should not receive another.

The oral vaccine should not be administered to anyone who is under the age of six, immunocompromised, undergoing cancer treatment, or taking antibiotics and certain other medications. Anyone showing signs of illness should not receive either type of vaccine until they recover.

Risks and Side Effects

Though rare, both types of the vaccine can cause side effects. These include headache, nausea, and diarrhea. There may be tenderness at the injection site. The doctor will discuss all possible side effects with the patient and advise on how to mitigate them.

A severe adverse reaction is unlikely. However, it is important to know the signs and what to do. These signs include an unusually high fever, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, swelling of the face and throat, hives, and breathing difficulties. In case of a severe reaction, call 911 or take the patient to the nearest emergency room right away.

Other Safety Precautions

It is important to note that the typhoid vaccine is not 100% effective, and patients should take common-sense measures to protect their health while traveling. The Mayo Clinic recommends taking the following precautions when traveling to high-risk areas:

  • Avoid raw fruits and vegetables. Because raw produce may have been washed in contaminated water, avoid fruits and vegetables that cannot be peeled, especially lettuce.
  • Be careful with water. Ask for drinks without ice. Use bottled water for tooth brushing, and do not swallow water in the shower. Drink only bottled water (carbonated is safer than still).
  • Eat hot foods. Avoid food stored/served at room temperature. Steaming hot foods are best. It is best to avoid food from street vendors.
  • Know where the doctors are. Find out in advance about medical care in and around the destination. Travelers should carry a list of the names, addresses, and phone numbers of recommended doctors.
  • Wash hands. Frequent hand-washing in hot, soapy water is a leading way to control infection. Wash before eating or preparing food and after using the toilet. It is also a good idea to carry an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Schedule a Visit Today

Dr. Marina Gafanovich offers the typhoid vaccine to patients in her Upper Eastside Manhattan office. Let us help you stay safe and healthy while you travel. Call our office at 212-548-3263 to learn more or schedule an appointment.

Contact Us

Marina Gafanovich, MD is located at
1550 York Ave Ste A
New York, NY 10028

(212) 548-3263